Gaelic Athletic Association History
Irish history shows that in 1884 the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) history shows they were formed to promote traditional Irish sports and it grew across Ireland with teams and clubs forming, and various tournaments were organised at various levels among parishes and counties. It was founded by Michael Cusack and Maurice Davin who wanted to preserve the national games of the country. Davin became president and Dr T.W. Croke the Archbishop of Cashel was its first patron.
The national stadium in Dublin is named after him today. Members were banned from engaging in non-Gaelic games and were also banned from joining the British Crown forces. In 1893 The Gaelic Irish League was founded by Douglas Hyde and Eoin McNeill and aimed at promoting the Irish language, which had been in decline for many years. Both organisations continued to promote a strong Irish culture and indeed followed a separist approach to Ireland and Britain.
The league also popularised Irish entertainment, poets and writers to develop their talents in dancing, song music and literature. At around the same time, there was an Anglo-Irish revival which brought writers like William Butler Yeats, Lady Gregory and John Millington Synge to the fore. They were choosing to view themselves as Irish and many of their books became very popular. Collectively the Gaelic Athletic Association, the Gaelic League and the Anglo-Irish writers generated a sense of a new more positive national identity.
Gladstone when re-elected to Prime Minister in 1893 tried once again to introduce a second Home Rule Bill, and though he got it passed by the House of Commons, it was rejected by the House of Lords and was never realized.
You should now read about the Great Irish Famine 1845